Canadian Atlas
La Société géographique royale du Canada et Canadian Geographic présentent :
Projet d'oiseau national
Projet d'oiseau national

Oiseaux chanteurs

Bruant à face noire (Zonotrichia querula)

Votes : 36

Bruant à face noire
Photo illustration : Canadian Geographic; Photo : Richard Crossley / Wikicommons

Il s’agit du seul oiseau chanteur qui se reproduit exclusivement au Canada. Il niche dans le centre-nord du pays, à la lisière de la forêt boréale et de la toundra, mais hiverne au centre des États-Unis. Ce gros bruant se distingue par une gorge, un front et une couronne de couleur noire. Il a un bec rose, le dessus brun (rayé de noir), deux bandes alaires blanches et les parties inférieures blanches (rayées de brun).

(Les deux sexes)
Poids 26-49 g
Longueur 17-20 cm
Envergure des ailes 27 cm
Bruant à face noire : Carte d’aire de répartition
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Élisez Bruant à face noire comme oiseau national du Canada

Texte explicatif

Les commentaires et les compositions seront publiés dans la langue dans laquelle ils ont été envoyés.

As this is, apparently, the only species that breeds exclusively in Canada the choice is obvious

I like to think that as Canadians we are unique. Accordingly our bird should be unique to Canada . This bird knows our lands and sings our songs because it has chosen no other county as its own . We should honor that commitment, and value its heritage . Let the generations that follow know that this bird is of our country and we should take pride in its uniqueness to us.

Harris' Sparrow is the only bird that breeds exclusively in Canada.

Harris's Sparrow is clearly the number one bird for Canada based on the fact that it is only songbird breeding exclusively in Canada. But I do think it should be Harris' Sparrow.

Canada has only three endemic bird species, one of which is extinct. Of the two remaining, only the little Harris' Sparrow has made the voting list. While often overlooked, small birds such as sparrows make a huge impact on the environments in which they live. Like these little sparrows, Canada has an overlooked but large impact on the global community, and is well-represented by this sweet bird.

Quite a few years ago we had a Harris's sparrow feeding at a bird feeder in the back yard of our farm in Oliver (South Okanagan BC). It stayed around for 3 days and we notified Dick Cannings (well know ornithologist) who passed the message on. He and several others arrived and were able to take photos as the bird cooperated nicely!

Harris' Sparrow is a true Canadian. It is the only song bird that breeds only in Canada.

The Harris's Sparrow is the ONLY bird that breeds exclusively in Canada, and it's a fine looking bird to boot.

The one bird that nests exclusively in Canada

Why the Sparrow?
The Sparrow is a very tough litle bird, yet gentle and friendly; which I believe is a characteristic of most Canadians.
Furthermore it is the only bird that you are most like to see anywhere in Canada; even during the the dead of Winter.

A true national bird should be one that is recognized and available in the enrire country. With this in mind the SPARROW truelly is the only choice.


The Harris's sparrow is Canada's only endemic breeder. Therefore, all Harris's Sparrows are Canadian "citizens", unlike any other bird in the world. The fact that it heads to the US for the winter is simply a survival mechanism. A lot of human Canadian citizens do the same thing! Occasionally it will spend the winter in Ontario. We had the pleasure of hosting one at our feeders in Prince Edward County over the Christmas/New Year's 2013/2014 season.

Zoonotrichia querula (Emberizidae) or Harris's Sparrow is an endemic Canadian bird species. This makes it a strong consideration to be Canada's National Bird, unlike all the others you have in your list that are not exclusive to Canada, not one.

When you consider all of Canada, what bird is most commonly known? Answer: The sparrow. The sparrow helps to keep properties clean from cantankerous pings that destroy in acidic proportions.

Being a finch, it sings a pretty song, yet will come and sit close, as you enjoy your favourite lunch. Please don't feed it bread. Bread expands in the stomach, and while this is easy for us as humans to digest, the same is not true of the sparrow.

Consider the sparrow.

The Harris's sparrow is the only bird that breeds exclusively in Canada. This is my unanimous choice, and I'm actually surprised that there aren't more votes for this species.

Harris's sparrow may be one the very few, if not the only, endemic species of bird to Canada.

I voted for the Harris's sparrow because it's the only species whose entire breeding range is in Canada.

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